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DINED V2.5.1b

This web-application is in development. Errors or suggestions can be sent to the admin. If you use this data make sure to carefully check the outcomes.


Using DINED

  1. Select one or more populations and measures from the categories on the left and right side.
  2. Use the tabs below to perform different calculations and compare values.

More information

populations

  • Dutch adults, dined2004
  • Dutch adults, dined2003
  • Dutch adults, dined1982
  • Dutch elderly, geron1998
  • Dutch children, kima1993
  • Dutch elderly, gdvv1984
  • Dutch Growth, growthdiagrams
  • Delft students, dutchstudents
  • International, international
  • Chilean children, chile2012
  • combined populations

Dutch adults, dined2004 - more

select: female, male, mixed, none

fmm+f
DINED 2004 (20-30 years)
DINED 2004 (31-60 years)
DINED 2004 (60 plus)
DINED 2004 (20-60 years)

Select population and available measures

Description

The most recent version of the DINED-series was based on two sources. The first is the Geron-project 1993-1998 of the TU Delft Ergonomics group (see also the Geron 1998 table), which provides the basic body dimensions. Second source is the Caesar-project from TNO Human Factors Soesterberg, which provides the circumferences.

Researchers involved

  • Molenbroek, TU Delft

Sources

  • TU Delft Geron-project
  • TNO Human Factors Caesar-project (only for circumference dimensions)

Publications

Dutch adults, dined2003 - more

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fmm+f
Dutch (18-30 years)  
Dutch (31-65 years)  
Dutch (65-80 years)  

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Description

Dined 2003 was a joint project from TU Delft and TNO Human Factors. It focuses on the basic body dimensions (no cicumferences) and aims at giving a reliable estimation of the Dutch population by combining two sources for these dimensions.

Researchers involved

  • Dr Hein A.M.Daanen
  • Arno J. Krul
  • Dr Johan F.M. Molenbroek
  • Sources

    • TUDelft Geron-project

    Publications:

    • DINED 2003
    • by H.A.M. Daanen, A.J.Krul and J.F.M. Molenbroek. Uitgeverij Kerckebosch, Zeist 2003
    • Steenbekkers, LPA and van Beijsterveldt et al. Design Relevant characteristics of ageing users. TUDelft, 1998

Dutch adults, dined1982 - more

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fmm+f
Dutch (20-60 years)  

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Description

The original DINED dataset from 1982 was used for more then 20 years as a standard in furniture industry and was published as appendix from NPR1813 by the NEN.

Researchers involved

  • Molenbroek JFM
  • JM Dirken

Sources:

  • din33402 1982, groeidiagrammen 1980

Publications

  • Nederlandse lichaamsmaten voor ontwerpen, DINED tabel by JFM Molenbroek. Tijdschrift voor ergonomie, volume 11 (1986), issue 4, page 16-19
  • Nederlandse lichaamsmaten voor ontwerpen, DINED tabel, derde herziene editie by JFM Molenbroek and JM Dirken. TU Delft, 1986
  • Nederlandse Praktijkrichtlijn NPR 1813, Ergonomie ? Ergonomische uitgangspunten voor kantoormeubelen en aanwijzingen voor gebruik - Toelichting bij NEN 1812 en 2449 by NEN, 1990
  • Poly-technisch zakboekje by Ir. PHH Leijendeckers, Ing. MCM van Maarschalkerwaart, Prof.Ir. JE Rijnsdorp and Ir. Sj. Tytsma. P.B.N.A., 1987

Dutch elderly, geron1998 - more

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fmm+f
Elderly (50-54 years)  
Elderly (55-59 years)  
Elderly (60-64 years)  
Elderly (65-69 years)  
Elderly (70-74 years)  
Elderly (75-79 years)  
Elderly (80+ years)  

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Description

The TU Delft Geron project was a national study in which 750 subjects, who lived independently, were assessed. In total about 80 variables, all more or less important for product use, were measured. The sample consisted of four age groups ranging from 50 to over 80 years of age; a group of young people (20 - 30 years) was also studied for the purpose of comparison (see DINED 2004 table). Women and men participated in about equal numbers.

Researchers involved

  • C.E.M. van Beijsterveldt, J.M.Dirken (Project leader)
  • J.J.Houtkamp
  • J.F.M.Molenbroek
  • L.P.A. Steenbekkers
  • A.I.M.Voorbij

Publications

Dutch children, kima1993 - more

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fmm+f
Dutch children 2 to 3 years  
Dutch children 3 to 4 years  
Dutch children 4 to 5 years  
Dutch children 5 to 6 years  
Dutch children 6 to 7 years  
Dutch children 7 to 8 years  
Dutch children 8 to 9 years  
Dutch children 9 to 10 years  
Dutch children 10 to 11 years  
Dutch children 11 to 12 years  
Dutch children 12 to 13 years  

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Description

This study was done on a large representative sample of children between 2 and 13 years of age in the Netherlands. The measurements were performed at primary schools and health care centers for infants and toddlers.

Researchers involved

  • L.P.A. Steenbekkers
  • J.F.M. Molenbroek
  • J.M. Dirken

Publications

Dutch elderly, gdvv1984 - more

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fmm+f
Dutch elderly (1982)  

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Description

This data was measured in 1982 in cooperation with Gemeentelijke Dienst Verpleging en Verzorging, the association for elderly care and housing in The Hague.

Researchers involved

  • JFM Molenbroek
  • JJ Houtkamp
  • AKC Burger

Publications

  • Anthropometry of elderly people in the Netherlands; research and applications by JFM Molenbroek. Applied Ergonomics, volume 18 (1987), issue 3, page 187-199
  • IO bijzondere onderwerpen 16, bejaardenanthropometrie by JFM Molenbroek, JJ Houtkamp and AKC Burger. Technische Hogeschool Delft, 1983

Download original dataset (Excel-document)

Dutch Growth, growthdiagrams - more

select: female, male, mixed, none

fmm+f
1 month  
2 months  
3 months  
4 months  
5 months  
6 months  
7 months  
8 months  
9 months  
10 months  
11 months  
12 months  
13 months  
14 months  
15 months  
1,5 years  
2 years  
2,5 years  
3 years  
3,5 years  
4 years  
5 years  
6 years  
7 years  
8 years  
9 years  
10 years  
11 years  
12 years  
13 years  
14 years  
15 years  
16 years  
17 years  
18 years  
19 years  
20 years  
21 years  

Select population and available measure

Description

This data gives the grow diagrams of children from 0 to 21 years measured in the Netherlands in 1955, 1965, 1980 and 1997. The first two studies included about 40.000 children.

Involved researchers

  • A.M. Fredriks
  • S. van Buuren
  • R.J.F Burgmeijer
  • S.P. Verloove-Vanhorick
  • J.M. Wit

Publications

  • Groeidiagrammen handleiding bij het meten en wegen van kinderen en het invullen van groeidiagrammen. TNO/LUMC, Leiden, 2002

Delft students, dutchstudents - more

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fmm+f
Dutch students  

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Description

This dataset is the result of a third year practicum with Delft Industrial Design Engineering students, measurements on students are done in three successive years.

Researchers involved

  • JFM Molenbroek

Publications

  • Op maat gemaakt. Menselijke maten voor het ontwerpen en beoordelen van gebruiksgoederen. by JFM Molenbroek (Doctoral thesis). Delft University of Technology, 1994

Download original dataset (Excel-document)

International, international - more

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fmm+f
International  
North American  
Latin American (Indians)  
Latin American (rest)  
North Europe  
Central Europe  
Eastern Europe  
South East Europe  
France  
Spain and Portugal  
North Africa  
West Africa  
South East Africa  
Middle East  
North India  
South India  
North Asia  
South China  
South East Asia  
Australia (european)  
Japan  

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Description

Results from a literature study in which the world is divided in 20 regions.

Researchers involved

  • H.W. Juergens
  • I.A Aaune
  • U. Pieper
  • Molenbroek JFM

Publications

  • International data on anthropometry by Juergens et al, ILO, Geneve, 1989

Chilean children, chile2012 - more

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fmm+f
6 years  
7 years  
8 years  
9 years  
10 years  
11 years  
12 years  
13 years  
14 years  
15 years  
16 years  
17 years  
18 years  

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Description

This is research was carried out by The Universidad de Valparaiso. The sample is from 3.046 students, with ages ranging from 6 to 18 years old, from basic and secondary schools in the Valparaiso Region, Chile. This is part of a project regarding School furniture and Anthropometric measures.

This research is funded by Fondo Nacional de Investigaci├│n y Desarrollo en Salud (FONIS), Gobierno de Chile, N┬░ SA11I2105 (The National Fund for Health Research and Development, Chilean Government).

Researchers involved

  • Ignacio Castellucci
  • Carlos Viviani
  • Monica Catalan
  • Jimena Rojas
  • Pedro Arezes
  • Johan Molenbroek

combined populations

new population select: all, none
 

standing, length/depth - image

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20 arm length (mm)
27 chest depth (mm)
5 elbow height (mm)
3 eye height (standing) (mm)
6 fist height standing (mm)
8 hip height (mm)
1 overhead reach distance (mm)
19 reach depth (mm)
51 reach depth finger tip (mm)
4 shoulder height (mm)
2 stature (mm)

20. arm length

functionele armlengte

Correlation type: length


The horizontal distance from the back of the measuring chair to the most distal point of the grip device.

27. chest depth

borstdiepte

Correlation type: depth


The maximum horizontal distance between the front and the back of the trunk at the nipples.

5. elbow height

ellebooghoogte

Correlation type: length


Vertical distance from the floor to the lowest bony point of the elbow.

3. eye height (standing)

ooghoogte (staand)

Correlation type: length


Vertical distance between the standing surface and the inner corner of the right eye.

6. fist height standing

vuist hoogte

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the floor to the middle of the grip device in the fist.

8. hip height

heuphoogte

Correlation type: length


1. overhead reach distance

reikhoogte beide armen

Correlation type: length


19. reach depth

reikdiepte

Correlation type: length


51. reach depth finger tip

reikwijdte vingertop

Correlation type: length


4. shoulder height

schouderhoogte

Correlation type: length


Vertical distance from the standing surface to the acromion.

2. stature

lichaamslengte

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the floor to the top of the head (vertex).

standing, width/circumference - image

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21 breadth over the elbows (mm)
37 breast circumference (mm)
24 hip breadth (mm)
39 hip circumference (mm)
26 knee breadth (mm)
22 shoulder breadth (bi-deltoid) (mm)
40 upperarm circumference (mm)
38 waist circumference (mm)

21. breadth over the elbows

breedte over de ellebogen

Correlation type: width


The maximum horizontal distance between the lateral sides of the elbows.

37. breast circumference

borst omvang

Correlation type: -


24. hip breadth

heupbreedte

Correlation type: width


Maximum breadth across the hips.

39. hip circumference

heupen omvang

Correlation type: -


26. knee breadth

kniebreedte

Correlation type: width


Breath of the right knee at the condyles of the upper leg.

22. shoulder breadth (bi-deltoid)

schouderbreedte (bi-deltoidus)

Correlation type: width


The horizontal breath across the shoulders.

40. upperarm circumference

bovenarmomvang

Correlation type: -


Maximum circumference of the upper arm perpendicular to the long axis of the body, midway between shoulder and elbow.

38. waist circumference

taille omvang

Correlation type: -


sitting, length/width/depth - image

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30 abdominal depth (mm)
34 buttock foot length (mm)
33 buttock-knee depth (mm)
32 buttock-popliteal depth (mm)
13 elbow height, sitting (mm)
29 elbow-finger tip length (mm)
31 elbow-grip length (mm)
16 eye height sitting (mm)
25 hip breadth sitting (mm)
14 popliteal height (mm)
18 reach height sitting (mm)
15 shoulder height sitting (mm)
17 sitting height (mm)
9 thigh clearance (mm)
12 upper arm length (mm)

30. abdominal depth

buikdiepte zittend

Correlation type: depth


The horizontal distance from the back of the measuring chair to the most distal point of the abdomen.

34. buttock foot length

bil-voet lengte

Correlation type: length


The horizontal distance from the buttock to the sole of the foot of the stretched leg.

33. buttock-knee depth

bil-knie lengte

Correlation type: length


The horizontal distance from the posterior surface of the right buttock to the anterior surface of the right knee parallel to the long axis of the upper leg.

32. buttock-popliteal depth

bil-knieholte lengte

Correlation type: length


The horizontal distance from the back of the measuring chair to the hollow of the knee parallel of the long axis of the upper leg.

13. elbow height, sitting

elleboog-zitvlak-hoogte

Correlation type: length


Vertical distance from the sitting surface to the lowest bony point of the elbow.

29. elbow-finger tip length

elleboog vingertop lengte

Correlation type: length


The maximum horizontal distance between the lowest bony point of the flexed elbow and the tip of the middle finger of the right hand.

31. elbow-grip length

elleboog-grip lengte

Correlation type: length


The maximum horizontal distance between the lowest bony point of the flexed elbow and the middle of the grip device.

16. eye height sitting

ooghoogte zittend

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the seat to the inner corner of the right eye.

25. hip breadth sitting

heupbreedte zittend

Correlation type: width


The maximum horizontal distance across the hips, parallel to the seat.

14. popliteal height

knieholtehoogte

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the footrest surface to the hollow of the knee.

18. reach height sitting

reikhoogte zittend

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the horizontal surface to the mid-point of the grip device.

15. shoulder height sitting

schouder hoogte zittend

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the seat to the acromion.

17. sitting height

kruin-zitvlak hoogte

Correlation type: length


The vertical distance from the seat to the vertex (top of the head).

9. thigh clearance

dijbeenhoogte zittend

Correlation type: depth


Vertical distance from the seat to the highest point on the superior surface of the thigh at the abdominal-thigh junction.

12. upper arm length

bovenarm lengte

Correlation type: length


The maximum vertical distance from the acromion to the lowest bony point of the flexed elbow.

head - image

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11 chin-crown height (mm)
55 ear length (mm)
23 head breadth (mm)
35 head circumference (mm)
28 head depth (mm)
7 head height (mm)
36 neck base circumference (mm)

11. chin-crown height

kin-kruinlengte

Correlation type: length


The rectilinear distance from chin to crown.

55. ear length

oorlengte

Correlation type: length


The maximum distance from the highest tot the lowest point of the auricle.

23. head breadth

hoofdbreedte

Correlation type: width


The distance from the radial to the ulnar side of the hand, measured at the distal extremities of the metarcapal bones (above the ears).

35. head circumference

hoofd omvang

Correlation type: -


Maximum about horizontal circumference of the head measured just the glabella and over the opisthocranion.

28. head depth

hoofddiepte

Correlation type: depth


7. head height

hoofdhoogte

Correlation type: length


The height of the head perpendicular to the Frankfort Plane, from menton to vertex.

36. neck base circumference

nekbasis omvang

Correlation type: -


hand - image

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46 forefinger breadth (mm)
54 grip circumference (mm)
47 hand breadth (with thumb) (mm)
44 hand breadth without thumb (mm)
52 hand diameter (mm)
43 hand length (mm)
48 hand thickness (mm)
53 length pointing finger (mm)
50 middlefinger length (mm)
49 pink breadth (mm)
45 thumb breadth (mm)

46. forefinger breadth

wijsvingertop breedte

Correlation type: width


The maximum distance from the radial to the ulnair side of the forefinger at the middle of the distal phalanx.

54. grip circumference

grip omtrek

Correlation type: -


The maximum circumference of the circle, made by the thumb and forefinger when enclosing a cone.

47. hand breadth (with thumb)

handbreedte (met duim)

Correlation type: width


44. hand breadth without thumb

hand breedte zonder duim

Correlation type: width


The distance from the radial to ulnar side of the hand, measured at the distal extremities of the metacarpals.

52. hand diameter

handdiameter

Correlation type: -


Minimum diameter of the hand, when in its smallest configuration.

43. hand length

hand lengte

Correlation type: length


The distance from the wrist crease tot the tip of the middle finger, parallel to the fingers.

48. hand thickness

handdikte

Correlation type: depth


The maximum distance between the palm and the back of the hand at the middle finger joint.

53. length pointing finger

lengte wijsvinger

Correlation type: length


50. middlefinger length

middelvingerlengte

Correlation type: length


Distance from the skin crease at the middle finger to the tip of the middle finger, parallel to the long axis of the middle finger.

49. pink breadth

pinkbreedte

Correlation type: width


Maximum distance between the palm and the back of the hand at the middle finger joint.

45. thumb breadth

duimbreedte

Correlation type: width


The maximum distance from the radial to the ulnar side of the thumb at the distal interphalangial joint.

foot - image

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42 foot breadth (mm)
41 foot length (mm)
10 instep height (mm)

42. foot breadth

voetbreedte

Correlation type: width


The maximum width across the ball of the right foot unshod.

41. foot length

voetlengte

Correlation type: length


The maximum horizontal distance from the heel of the longest toe of the right foot unshod, parallel to the long axis of the foot.

10. instep height

wreefhoogte

Correlation type: depth


The vertical distance from the footrest surface to the instep (the junction of the lower (the junction of the lower leg and foot).

joint excursion - image

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66 bending of head towards left shoulder (deg)
65 bending of head towards right shoulder (deg)
69 extension hand (deg)
70 flexion hand (deg)
73 forefinger flexion (deg)
67 pronation (deg)
71 radial deviation (deg)
63 rotation of head backwards (deg)
64 rotation of head toward chest (deg)
61 rotation of head towards left (deg)
62 rotation of head towards right (deg)
68 supination (deg)
72 ulnar deviation (deg)

66. bending of head towards left shoulder

zijwaarts buigen van het hoofd naar links

Correlation type: -


Maximum sideward bending of the head towards the left.

65. bending of head towards right shoulder

zijwaarts buigen van het hoofd naar rechts

Correlation type: -


Maximum sideward bending of the head towards the right.

69. extension hand

extensie van de pols

Correlation type: -


Maximum upward bending of the stretched preferred hand from the wrist.

70. flexion hand

flexie van de pols

Correlation type: -


Maximum downward bending of the stretched preferred hand from the wrist.

73. forefinger flexion

flexie van de wijsvinger

Correlation type: -


Maximum downward bending of the stretched forefinger of the preferred hand.

67. pronation

pronatie

Correlation type: -


Maximum rotation of the wrist inward.

71. radial deviation

radiale deviatie van de pols

Correlation type: -


Maximum radial abduction of the stretched preferred hand from the wrist.

63. rotation of head backwards

extensie van het hoofd

Correlation type: -


Maximum backward bending (extension) of the head.

64. rotation of head toward chest

flexie van het hoofd

Correlation type: -


Maximum forward bending (flexion) of the head.

61. rotation of head towards left

rotatie van het hoofd naar links

Correlation type: -


Maximum rotation of the head towards the left.

62. rotation of head towards right

rotatie van het hoofd naar rechts

Correlation type: -


Maximum rotation of the head towards the right.

68. supination

supinatie

Correlation type: -


Maximum rotation of the wrist outward.

72. ulnar deviation

ulnaire deviatie van de pols

Correlation type: -


Maximum ulnar abduction of the stretched preferred hand from the wrist.

force excercise - image

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57 maximum gripping force (N)
59 pulling force 1 hand (N)
58 pushing force with 2 hands (N)
60 torque with two hands (Nm)

57. maximum gripping force

maximum knijpkracht, een hand

Correlation type: -


The maximum gripping force of a hand exerted for 3 seconds.

59. pulling force 1 hand

trekkracht, een hand

Correlation type: -


Maximum pulling force of one hand, exerted for 3 seconds.

58. pushing force with 2 hands

duwkracht, twee handen

Correlation type: -


Maximum pushing force using both arms and hands together, exerted for 3 seconds.

60. torque with two hands

statische torsie, twee handen

Correlation type: -


Maximum static torque of two hands and arms, exerted for 3 seconds.

other - image

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56 body mass (kg)
74 step-up height (mm)

other - table

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56. body mass

lichaamsgewicht

Correlation type: -


Total mass of the body

74. step-up height

opstaphoogte

Correlation type: -


Vertical distance covered in one comfortable step upwards.

combined measures

new measure select: all, none
 

measures

  • standing, length/depth
  • standing, width/circumference
  • sitting, length/width/depth
  • head
  • hand
  • foot
  • joint excursion
  • force excercise
  • other
  • combined measures
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